Medicinal Value of Mushrooms
Most species of mushrooms, there is a question as to whether the mushroom is able to treat the diseases/symptoms that have been attributed to it. Unlike microscopic fungi that have yielded some compounds of significance such as penicillin and cephalosporins, many medicinal mushrooms have been utilized as traditional medicine and have never been critically studied to determine if can indeed treat the ailments that have been claimed. Another words, they are comparable to herbal medicine. It is also referred to as Herbalism, Botanical medicine or Herbology and is defined by UK-Skeptics (2004) as the use of plants, in a wide variety of forms, for their therapeutic value
Lentinula edodes: The shiitake is a mushroom that has been utilized for thousands of years, in Japan and China, for its food value and also prized for its medicinal properties as well. It is also the world's second most cultivated mushroom. In folk medicine, it is said to The shiitake is a well studied medicinal mushroom that has undergone many clinical studies. It has the polysaccharide, lentinan, as well as other polysaccharide that have antitumor properties. Other studies have demonstrated that the shiitake also wards off bacteria that have become resistant to bacteria. For example, patients that had contracted antibiotic resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causal agent of tuberculosis, had improved their conditions when lentinan was given, and helped limit relapses of tuberculosis in the lungs. Treatment for cancerous liver tumors in rats, liver protection and helped produced antibodies to hepatitis B, lower blood levels of cholesterol and lipids and blood pressure. .